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Skin care

Skin Care

Daily skin care tips

Daily skin care tips for summer

For your skin, summer means extra exposure to the UVA and UVB radiation, heat and sweat. Such high exposure of UV radiations can cause sunburn/rashes in very small time.
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Daily skin care tips for monsoons

Here are some tips that will help you to take care of your skin during themonsoons season.

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Skin care tips for winter

In India, winter season causes harsh effects on one’s skin, making it dry,dull & lusterless. Here are some essential tips that women and men should take care of for smooth and healthy skin during this season: Read More

General facts about skin :
  • Skin is the largest organ in the body, accounting for 15-20% of total body weight & covers a surface area of 2 m2.
  • Human skin consists of 3 main layers;
    1. upper epidermis
    2. middle dermis &
    3. lower sub-cutaneous tissue
  • The epidermis is mainly composed of keratinocytes and is 0.4-1.5mm in thickness. It is formed by division of cells in the basal layer which move outwards forming upper layers. The cellular progression from the basal layer to the skin surface takes about 30 days.
  • Melanocytes are cells that distribute packages of melanin pigment which gives skin its colour. It is the nature of the melanin and the size of the cells containing it rather than the number of melanocyte that account for the different appearances between white and black skin.
  • The dermis is a supporting matrix with a remarkable capacity for retaining water. The thickness of the dermis varies from less than 0.5 mm to more than 5 mm. There are two principal types of protein, collagen and elastic tissue, out of which collagen comprises 80–85% of the dry weight.
  • Skin also contains many supporting structures like hair follicles, pilosebaseous unit which secrete oily substance called sebum

  • Functions of skin:
      The main function of skin is to act as a barrier to external environment which can be
      • Permeability barrier to water
      • Barrier to bacteria & other micro-organisms
      • Mechanical barrier
      • Barrier to ultraviolet rays
  • Regulation of body temperature achieved through dilation or constriction of blood vessels or secretion of sweat by sweat glands
  • As sensory organ, helping in perception of different sensations
  • Subcutaneous fat has important roles in cushioning trauma as well as providing insulation and a calorie reserve.

Early, prompt and effective treatment of acne is essential to improve self-esteem, social assertiveness, and self-confidence.
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